Environmental monitoring could enable important advances in science, agriculture, forestry and disaster mitigation. However, only limited research is currently carried out in many Developing Countries using modern technologies. The School will expose participants to new wireless technologies, amenable also for Developing Regions. These technologies can work with low power and are not dependent on any existing electrical network. These are low- cost sustainable solutions. Once the environmental data are collected in remote areas (volcanoes, mountains, lakes, etc), they have to be transmitted to a central database for processing and further analysis. The cost of providing the wiring infrastructure to support such transmissions is simply out of the question. In the last couple of years we have witnessed an incredible evolution of wireless technologies that can provide a viable solution.In this School, we will present the use of various low-cost and sustainable wireless technologies. We believe that a mix of these technologies is the best solution not only to build environmental sensor networks but also to allow scientists to communicate. Training at the level of Academic and Research institutions on the subject of the School is essential to develop sustainable human capacity in those countries.


This activity has been supported by the following organisations:


An updated version of the programme can be found here.


A total of 24 participants, from more than 15 different countries, will be participating in this activity. The complete list can be found here.


For general queries about the programme/activity, please contact smr2329(AT)ictp.it

Training Material

Lecturers: SR: Sandro Radicella, RS: Ryszard Struzak, CF: Carlo Fonda, MZ: Marco Zennaro, SB: Sebastian Buettrich, EP: Ermanno Pietrosemoli, BB: Bruce Baikie, SO: Steve Okay, AB: Antoine Bagula; AK Andreas Kassler; RF Rob Faludi; LN Leandro Navarro; JH Jordan Husney
Week 1

Mon 6 Feb: Networking
9:00-12:00: Administrative matters
12:00-12:30: Opening (SR, RS)
14:00-15:00: Presentation of Participants
15:00-16:00: Why_Wireless (CF)

Tue 7 Feb: Radio Physics
9:00-10:00: Radio_Physics (EP)
10:00-11:00: RF Channel and Modulation Fundamentals (RS)
11:20-12:20: dB_Math (MZ)
14:00-15:00: Comparative_Use_of_Unlicensed_Spectrum (Video)
15:00-17:20: LAB: Radio Measurements (CF, EP)
17:20-18:20: LAB: Radio Measurements (CF, EP)

Wed 8 Feb: Antennas
9:00-10:00: Telecommunications Basics (EP)
10:00-11:00: Antennas_and_Transmission_Lines (CF)
11:20-12:20: Antenna Fundamentals (RS)
14:00-15:00: LAB: Antenna Building and Testing
15:00-16:00: LAB: Antenna Building and Testing
16:20-17:20: LAB: Antenna Building and Testing
17:20-18:20: LAB: Antenna Building and Testing

Thu 9 Feb: WiFi
9:00-10:00: Introduction_to_WiFi (EP)
10:00-11:00: Protocols for Wireless Communications (EP)
11:20-12:20: Access_Point_Configuration (CF)
14:00-18:00: LAB: AP and client configuration

Fri 10 Feb: Planning
9:00-10:00: Radio Propagation Basics (RS)
10:00-11:00: Link_Budget (EP)
11:20-12:20: Planning a Radio Link (CF)
14:00-15:00: Intro to RadioMobile (MZ)
15:00-18:00: LAB: Practical exercises on Link Budget and RadioMobile (EP, MZ)

Week 2
Mon 13 Feb: Outdoor and Long Distance WiFi

9:00-10:00: Outdoor Installation 1 (EP)
10:00-11:00: Outdoor Installation 2 (EP)
11:20-12:20: EM Co-existence Fundamentals (RS)
14:00-15:00: Long Distance Links (EP)
15:00-16:00: Off-Grid Powering (SB)
16:20-18:00: LAB: Solar practical exercise (SB), Dimensioning a solar system (SB)

Tue 14 Feb: Mesh
9:00-10:00: Case Study: Community Mesh Networks (SB)
10:00-11:00:Introduction toWirelessMesh Networks (AK)
11:20-12:20: Introduction to Wireless Mesh Networks: Channel Allocation (AK), Introduction to Wireless Mesh Networks: Routing (AK)
14:00-18:00: LAB: Mesh Excercise v3 (SB, CF, MZ, EP, AK)

Wed 15 Feb: Monitoring
8:30-9:30: Introduction to Wireless Mesh Networks: Testbeds (AK)

9:30-11:00: Networking monitoring tools (SB)
11:20-12:20: Wireless monitoring tools (SO)
14:00-18:00: LAB: Mesh Lab Part 2 (SB)

Thu 16 Feb: Spectrum Management
9:00-10:00: Spectrum Management and Regulatory Issues (RS)
10:00-11:00: Spectrum Management and Regulatory Issues (RS)
11:20-12:20: Intro to 802.22 (EP)
14:00-18:00: LAB: Mesh Networking

Fri 17 Feb: Wireless Sensor Networks
9:00-10:00: Intro to WSN(MZ), Wireless Sensor Networks for precision agriculture in Malawi by Million Trocco Mafuta, University of Malawi, SM2: Solar Monitoring System in Malawi by Mayamiko Nkoloma, University of Malawi
10:00-11:20: WSN Workshop (RF)
11:20-12:20: Industrial Applications of WSN (JH)

14:00-18:00: WSN LAB: Bssic Zigbee Chat, Series 1 Basic Chat, Simple Sensor Network, TMP36 Instructions

Week 3

Mon 20 Feb: WSN Applications
9:00-10:00: WSN Applications (AB)
10:00-11:00: WSN: Doorbell project (RF)
11:20-12:20: WSN Gateways (RF)
14:00-18:00: LAB: WSN

Tue 21 Feb: Advanced WSN
9:00-12:20: LAB: iDigi Introduction (JH), XIG and Arduino (JH), XIG Senor App (JH), Getting Analog Sensors with XIG (JH)
14:00-18:00: Community networking and testbeds (LN)

Wed 22 Feb: Field Exercise: Long Distance Wireless Link
9:00-10:00: Bridging Sensors to Mobile Phones (SO) 10:00-11:00: Outdoor
11:20-12:20: Outdoor
14:00-18:00: LAB: Outdoor link


International Awareness Conference on Sustainable Wireless Solutions for Environmental Monitoring

Thu 23 Feb

09:00-09:30 Wireless Training: ICTP experience, Sandro Radicella, ICTP
09:30-10:00 IPv6 and Wireless Training, Jane Butler, NetworktheWorld
10:00-10:30 Broadband for Good and Inveneo’s latest projects, Bob Marsh, Inveneo
10:30-11:00 Coffee Break
11:00-11:45 Wireless Community Networks in Europe, Leandro Navarro, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya
11:45-12:30 Broadband Internet: Expansion Strategies, Giovanni Repici
12:30-14:30 Lunch Break
14:30-16:00 Case Studies by Participants

Putumayo network: VSAT&WiLD network for health posts in Amazon, Luis Camacho Caballero (Peru)

SMS for remote data transmission, Martin Saint (Colorado, USA)

Usability of SMS for health applications,Suzana Brown (Colorado, USA)

Projects using unlicensed band frequencies to be implemented at the National University of Science and Technology, Clifford Sibanda (Zimbabwe)

16:00-16:30 Coffee Break
16:30-18:00 Case Studies by Participants and Open Discussion

Sensing, monitoring and control of microbial processes in homemade bioreactor – prospect of enhancing biofuel production using wireless monitoring, Evariste Bosco Gueguim Kana (South Africa)

Smart metering on 802.15.4, Juan Gabriel Mejia Hoyos (Colombia)

19:00-21:00 Buffet Dinner for all Participants at Adriatico GH

Fri 24 Feb

09:00-09:30 Distributed Embedded Solutions for Environmental Monitoring, Ugo Padulosi, EuroTech
09:30-10:00 Exploiting heterogeneous wireless technologies for environmental monitoring, Fabio Graziosi, Center of Excellence DEWS – University of L’Aquila
10:00-10:30 WSN vs Market in 2012, Andrea Marco Borsetti, Verdeerba CEO & Founder Lugano Switzerland
10:30-11:00 Teledom International Ltd: A Nigerian Experience, E.E. Ekuwem, Teledom International Ltd
11:00-12:30 Case Studies by Participants and Open Discussion

Integrating wireless sensor network (WSN) to conventional instrumentation, Rodrigo Carbajales (Argentina)

Radiological monitoring of nuclear research, Iulia Khomenko (Ukraine)

Water quality in industrial discharges with WSN, Vincent Taylor (Jamaica)

WSN test beds for fast breeder reactor and its related experimental facilities, Vinita Daiya (India)

12:30-14:00 Lunch Break
14:00-15:00 Closing Ceremony

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